Natural stone tiles are made from three different types of rock. Each type of rock is formed differently and therefore have different properties.
- Igneous Rock. Igneous rocks are solids that are formed during the cooling process of magma. Volcanic magma usually turns into pumice, obsidian, basalt, or one of several other types of rock. Magma that cools within an underground chamber usually forms into several types of rock that might be used for construction. Granite is the most popular of these and is often used in floor tiling materials.
- Sedimentary Rock. There are three types of sedimentary rock. All three are formed by accumulation of certain minerals during runoff or as a result of dissolution. Travertine is a type of sedimentary rock that is used for floor tile and is usually formed from limestone at the mouths of hot springs.
- Metamorphic Rock. Metamorphic rock is any rock that is transformed as a result of being moved into a different environment from where it originated. This can happen naturally or as a result of man or animal moving the rock. The minerals within the rock destabilize and a new equilibrium must be restored within the new environment, causing the rock the change form. Slate and marble are two types of metamorphic rock used as floor tiles.
Granite, slate, marble, and travertine are all natural stone tiles made from a different type of rock. Which rock you want to represent your home, business, or outside area depends on your budget, style, and personal tastes. All of them can enhance the natural beauty of your structures.